Kazirange – Karbi Anglong Link Project
Project Animal(s) : Mammals
Project Category : Mammals
Project Region : Asia
Project Type : Conservation
Project URL : https://www.wti.org.in/projects/kaziranga-karbi-anglong-link/
Project is timebound? : No
The forests in this region are primarily tropical semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and wet evergreen, and harbour a variety of threatened species including Asian elephants, Royal Bengal tigers, common and clouded leopards, and hoolock gibbons. Karbi Anglong is part of the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot – a testament to its biological riches but also to its ecological fragility, since this is one of the most threatened hotspots on the planet. The major threats to wildlife stem from habitat fragmentation and destruction, caused by encroachment on forest lands, the rampant practice of slash-and-burn (or jhum) agriculture, and unplanned developmental activities.
The persistent loss of forest habitat has hindered wildlife movement and led to increased conflict between humans and wild animals, particularly elephants. With a large elephant population in the landscape – the 2011 elephant census estimated 1675 elephants in the Kaziranga – Karbi Anglong Elephant Reserve alone – Human-Elephant Conflict is a severe problem that manifests in the destruction of crops and property, and the loss of human and elephant lives.
Following extensive groundtruthing under the Right of Passage project, WTI and its partner organisations have identified six elephant corridors that are vital to wildlife movement through this landscape, and which need to be secured to ensure the long-term ecological health of the region. WTI and its partners have been working in concert with the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) and Assam Forest Department to protect and secure these high-priority corridors, while simultaneously engaging with local communities through short-term conflict mitigation measures.
Our conservation plan for protecting and conserving the wildlife and wild habitats of Karbi Anglong broadly encompasses the following activities:
- Securing the Kalapahar – Daigrung Elephant Corridor through voluntary relocation of corridor villages, while monitoring and protecting the other priority corridors in the landscape with the aid of community organisations
- Human-Elephant Conflict mitigation through ‘Grain for Grain’, solar and bio fences and other innovative methods
- Sensitising local communities about wildlife conservation through campaigns and other awareness measures
- Developing Green Livelihoods for local communities to reduce dependency on forest resources
- A fully equipped Mobile Veterinary Service unit and Wildlife Rescue Centre to provide emergency aid to displaced wildlife, and intervene to manage conflict situations as required
Project Agency : Wildlife Trust of India
Project Agency Contact : https://www.wti.org.in/